One of the most important events in the first century for both Jews and Christians was the Jewish War (66-73 AD). This war included the destruction of Jerusalem and its temple. Nothing would ever be the same. This episode gives a summary of the events of this first Jewish War.
If you want more details about this event, read Josephus’s Jewish War.
Here is a picture of the Arch of Titus commemorating the Roman victory over Jews.
The recommended audiobook is Jerusalem’s Traitor: Josephus, Masada, and the Fall of Judea. Get this audiobook for free with a free trial of Audible at www.audibletrial.com/hopesreason.